EFL Students’ Spontaneous Speech: Tonality, Tonicity, and Tone
Keywords:Serbian EFL, nuclear pitch contour, spontaneous speech, tonicity, tonality, tone
The present study offers a quantitative and acoustic analysis of a corpus of spontaneous speech produced by Serbian EFL students, in terms of intonation unit organization (tonality), nucleus placement (tonicity), and the realization of nuclear pitch contours (tone). The results show that, regarding tonality, the participants’ spontaneous speech was characterized by numerous interruptions and hesitations, with comparatively few complete IUs. Regarding tonicity, the nucleus was almost invariably placed in the default position (the last stressed syllable). And in terms of tone, quite different nuclear pitch contours were produced in sentence-internal (continuing) and sentence-final intonation units, although in both structural positions the participants used both falling and rising contours. The phonetic parameters of pitch height, span, slope, alignment, duration, and intensity all proved to be relevant for these distinctions.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in the journal Belgrade English Language and Literature Studies, Faculty of Philology, University of Belgrade. Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.