Near Synonymy Analysis of the Descriptive Adjective Pale in English and Bled, -a, -o in Serbian
Keywords:descriptive adjective, near synonyms, idiomatic meaning, grammatical gender, the most frequent collocational framework
Within the extensive scientific research on descriptive adjectives and their near synonyms, we noticed the prevailing idiomatic meaning of the adjectives analyzed here. In this paper, we will apply contrastive analysis of the descriptive adjective bled, -a, -o in Serbian and descriptive adjective pale as well as their near synonyms in English and Serbian in order to prove the presence of the aforementioned descriptive adjectives’ prevailing idiomatic meaning in both languages. The results of the analysis indicate that the semantic (and grammatical) aspects of words are reflected onto and within their collocational framework. Furthermore, it is expected that the collocational framework of the adjective bled, -a, -o in Serbian will change depending upon the grammatical gender implied (masculine, feminine, neuter), as well as on the sequence of its near synonyms. The same changes are not expected to occur in English due to its lack of grammatical gender. The methodology of the research comprises the frequency of the primary and idiomatic meaning analyses of the descriptive adjective bled, -a, -o, and its near synonyms based on the framework of the Contemporary Serbian language electronic corpus (Faculty of Mathematics, University of Belgrade), and the descriptive adjective pale and its near synonyms analyzed on the British National Corpus data (BNC) and the Words Bank: English database.
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